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Enable Authentication to MongoDB Database

Using MongoDB without enabling authentication and access control lets anybody view and alter your data. It’s okay to work with MongoDB without access control when you are a novice developer but when it comes to deploying your application to production, you must enable authentication and access control to your MongoDB database. Adding access control on a MongoDB setup enforces authentication and authorization, expecting users to recognize themselves. While accessing a MongoDB setup that has authentication and authorization enabled, users can just perform activities as controlled by their roles. Here are the steps to do it.

Start MongoDB

sudo service mongod start

Connect to Mongo instance

anand@anandFolio:~$ mongo
MongoDB shell version v4.0.13
connecting to: mongodb://127.0.0.1:27017/?gssapiServiceName=mongodb
Implicit session: session { "id" : UUID("af4a23a8-8c73-4047-8ffc-a173c7ff48a0") }
MongoDB server version: 4.0.13
> 

Connect administrator user

The following creates the user admin in the admin database with the userAdminAnyDatabase role and the readWriteAnyDatabase role.

> use admin
switched to db admin
> db.createUser(
  {
    user: "admin",
    pwd: "anand@123",
    roles: [ { role: "userAdminAnyDatabase", db: "admin" }, "readWriteAnyDatabase" ]
  }
)

Restart Mongo instance and authenticate with administrator

> exit
bye
anand@anandFolio:~$ mongo
MongoDB shell version v4.0.13
connecting to: mongodb://127.0.0.1:27017/?gssapiServiceName=mongodb
Implicit session: session { "id" : UUID("af4a23a8-8c73-4047-8ffc-a173c7ff48a0") }
MongoDB server version: 4.0.13
> use admin
switched to db admin
> db.auth("admin", "anand@123") 

Create additional users

> use ngclient
switched to db ngclient
> db.createUser(
  {
    user: "ngclient",
    pwd: "ngc@123",
    roles: [ { role: "readWrite", db: "ngclient" }]
  }
)

The above statements creates the user ngclient in the ngclient database with the readWrite role. This user can access the ngclient database only. This would restrict the data to this particular user.

See also  Install MongoDB in Ubuntu 18.04 and 19.04

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